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What happens when a girl gets on her period

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Learn more. Menstruation a period is a major stage of puberty in girls. It's one of the many physical signs that a girl is turning into a woman. Menstruation can be confusing, just like a lot of the other changes that come with puberty.

SEE VIDEO BY TOPIC: This is Your Period in 2 Minutes - Glamour

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8 Period Myths We Need to Set Straight

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A period is a release of blood from a girl's uterus , out through her vagina. It is a sign that she is getting close to the end of puberty. There is a lot to learn about periods. Here are some common questions that teens have. Most girls get their first period when they're around But getting it any time between age 10 and 15 is OK. Every girl's body has its own schedule. There isn't one right age for a girl to get her period.

But there are some clues that it will start soon:. A period happens because of changes in hormones in the body. Hormones are chemical messengers. The ovaries release the female hormones estrogen and progesterone. These hormones cause the lining of the uterus or womb to build up. The built-up lining is ready for a fertilized egg to attach to and start developing.

If there is no fertilized egg, the lining breaks down and bleeds. Then the same process happens all over again. It usually takes about a month for the lining to build up, then break down. That is why most girls and women get their periods around once a month. The same hormones that cause the uterus lining to build up also cause an egg to leave one of the ovaries.

The egg travels through a thin tube called a fallopian tube to the uterus. If the egg is fertilized by a sperm cell, it attaches to the wall of the uterus, where over time it develops into a baby. If the egg is not fertilized, the uterus lining breaks down and bleeds, causing a period. For the first few years after a girl starts her period, it may not come regularly. This is normal at first.

By about 2—3 years after her first period, a girl's periods should be coming around once every 4—5 weeks. Yes, a girl can get pregnant as soon as her period starts.

A girl can even get pregnant right before her very first period. This is because a girl's hormones might already be active. The hormones may have led to ovulation and the building of the uterine wall. If a girl has sex, she can get pregnant, even though she has never had a period. Periods usually happen about once every 4—5 weeks. But some girls get their periods a little less or more often. You have many choices about how to deal with period blood. You may need to experiment a bit to find which works best for you.

Some girls use only one method and others switch between different methods. It may look like a lot of blood, but a girl usually only loses a few tablespoons of blood during the whole period. Women also won't have a period while they are pregnant. PMS premenstrual syndrome is when a girl has emotional and physical symptoms that happen before or during her period.

These symptoms can include moodiness, sadness, anxiety, bloating, and acne. The symptoms go away after the first few days of a period. Many girls have cramps with their period, especially in the first few days.

If cramps bother you, you can try:. Most girls don't have any problems with their periods. But call your doctor if you:. Periods are a natural, healthy part of a girl's life. They shouldn't get in the way of exercising, having fun, and enjoying life.

If you have questions about periods, ask your doctor, a parent, health teacher, school nurse, or older sister. Larger text size Large text size Regular text size.

The Female Body

Healthy sexual and reproductive organs are vital to a woman's sexual health. Learning about the functions of each organ and how these organs work together allows you to be aware of your body and of any changes that might indicate a problem. This information can also help you choose a method of birth control or determine when is the best time to try and get pregnant. Learning about a woman's sexual responses may also make you more comfortable with your body.

All A-Z health topics. View all pages in this section. Visit girlshealth.

Here are answers to some of the most frequently asked questions. You may want to look at their policies. Period questions come into every girls mind! Puberty can be pretty crazy — you shouldn't have to worry about your first period on top of it all.

My Girlfriend Just Got Her Period. Now What?

Remember when we got the infamous talk about sex, hair, odor, and other bodily changes that signaled puberty is coming? I was in middle school when the conversation turned to ladies and their menstrual cycles. Somehow, one of the boys in our group thought that women were always on their periods. As in, we bled forever. Yeah, no. The actual time that a woman bleeds is known as menstruation , but her menstrual cycle is the entire time from one period starting to the next. Learn the difference between spotting and periods. The pain we get during a period is real. This condition even has a medical name: dysmenorrhea. This condition affects our ability to concentrate, makes us more anxious, and can make us downright unpleasant.

What happens during the typical 28-day menstrual cycle?

A period is a release of blood from a girl's uterus , out through her vagina. It is a sign that she is getting close to the end of puberty. There is a lot to learn about periods. Here are some common questions that teens have.

It signals the beginning of a long phase of life around 40 years!

Most women bleed every month. This you know. Knowing what to do when your girlfriend is on her period can feel like a shot in the dark.

10 Common Period Questions

A period is when blood comes out through a girl's vagina. It is a sign that she is getting close to the end of puberty. Puberty is when your body goes from looking like a kid's into looking more like a grown-up's. There is a lot to learn about periods.

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What happens during the typical 28-day menstrual cycle?

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A woman's menstrual cycle only occurs if she is not pregnant. Day 1. estrogen and progesterone levels are at their lowest level; the inner lining of the uterus, or.

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All About Menstruation

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